Glossary

Word Arabic English Translation
A
Alayhi s-salām (a.s)  عليه السلام‎ Peace be upon him
Alhamdulillah  الحمد لله Praise be to Allah. This phrase is said in thanks to God.
Ameen  آمين Arabic version of the word Amen; often said after a supplication (dua) with the spiritual meaning: “O Allah, respond to (or answer) what I/we have said”.
Amir Al Mumineen  امير المؤمنين ‘Commander of the Belivers’ or ‘Commander of the faithful’. This title was given to the Imam Ali (AS) specifically by the Prophet Muhammed (SAW), but was later attributed to anybody who became a khalif (not by the Prophet (SAW), so there is amir al-mumineen Abu Bakr, amir al-mumineen Umar, Uthman, muawiyah, yazeed etc.
Aqīdah  عقيدة Any religious belief system, or creed, can be considered an example of ʿaqīdah.
Assalamu Alaikum Wa Rahmatullahi Wa Barakatuh  السلام عليكم و رحمة الله و بركاته “Peace be unto you and so may the mercy of Allah and His blessings”. It is the full version of the Islamic greeting.
D
Duʿā  دعاء Invocation, is an act of supplication; Muslims connect with God and ask him for forgiveness and favors.
I
Ibadah  عبادة Worship; obedience with submission
In sha’Allah  إن شاء الله God willing; If Allah (God) wills
Istikharah  صلاة الاستخارة Salat al-Istikharah; prayer recited by Muslims when in need of guidance on an issue in their life.
J
Jahiliyyah   جاهلية Days of Ignorance;the state of ignorance of the guidance from God
Jazakallah Khair  جزاك الله خير Phrase that people use to thank others. It literally means ‘May Allah grant you goodness’.
K
Khutbah The Islamic public preaching, which usually takes place during the Friday Congregational prayers
P
Pbut Abbreviated form of Peace be upon them; referring to all of the prophets of Allah swt
R
Radi Allahu ‘anhu  رضي الله عنه May God be pleased with him; Used for companions of prophet as well as scholars
S
Sall Allāhu ʿalay-hi wa-sallam (s.a.w.) صلى الله عليه وسلم May Allah honour him and grant him peace; this expression follows specifically after saying the name of the last prophet of Islam, Muhammad
Salah  صلاة Practice of formal worship in Islam
Subhanahu wa-ta’ala (swt)  سبحانه و تعالى Glorified and exalted be He; may He be glorified and exalted
Subhan’Allāh  سبحان الله Glory be to Allah (God)
T
Tarawih   تراويح Extra congregational prayers performed by Muslims at night in the Islamic month of Ramadan
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